Tripura is a hilly state, surrounded by Bangladesh on the North, West and South, the state of Mizoram on the East and Assam on its North-east. Tripura is connected to India through the Cachar district of Assam and Aizawl district of Mizoram.
- Situated between 22°56' and 24°32' N latitudes and 90°09' and 92°20' E longitudes.
- Maximum length north to south 118 km and 113 km from east to west
- Total area 10,491.69 sq. km.(0.32% of India)
- Third smallest state of India
- 856 km international boundary with Bangladesh(84% of total state perimeter)
- 53 km boundary with Cachar district of Assam
- 109 km boundary with Mizoram
- Hill ranges are Jampui, Sakhan Tlang, Langtorai, Athara Mura and Bara Mura.
- Highest peak Betling Shiv(3200ft./1000m approx.) in Jampui hill
- Jampui is known as “orange basket”.
Climate of Tripura:
Tripura is situated about 60 km to the north of the Bay of Bengal.
- There are only two Meteorological Observatories at Agartala and Kailasahar in Tripura having the facility to record temperature and other weather information.
- In Summer(March to May) maximum temperature ranges between 35°C to 37°C
- Minimum average temperature in Winter is 10.5°C
- January is the coldest month when mean daily minimum temperature is only 8.9°C and maximum temperature is 25.2°C.
- Annual rainfall ranges from 1922 mm to 2855 mm.
- Rainfall generally increases from south-west to north-east
- Heavy rainfall in April-June and July to September(Known as Kharif season/major agricultural season)
- Minimum rainfall in Winter
- Average annual rainfall is about 230 cm.
- In summer, relative humidity is between 50 percent to 74 percent
- In the rainy season it is over 85 percent
- Mean wind speed is 7.1 km per hour
- Maximum speed 13.1 km per hour in May
- Minimum speed 3 km per hour in December