Geography of Tripura

Tripura is a hilly state, surrounded by Bangladesh on the north, west and south and on the east surround by Assam and Mizoram. Tripura is connected to India through the Cachar district of Assam and Aizawl district of Mizoram.

  • Situated between 22°56' and 24°32' N latitudes and 90°09' and 92°20' E longitudes.
  • Maximum length north to south 118 km and 113 km from east to west
  • Total area 10,491.69 sq. km.(0.32% of India)
  • Third smallest state of India
  • 856 km international boundary with Bangladesh(84% of total state perimeter)
  • 53 km boundary with Cachar district of Assam
  • 109 km boundary with Mizoram
  • Hill ranges are Jampui, Sakhan Tlang, Langtorai, Athara Mura and Bara Mura.
  • Highest peak Betling Shiv(3200ft./1000m approx.) in Jampui hill
  • Jampui is known as “orange basket”.

Climate of Tripura:

Tripura is situated about 60 km to the north of the Bay of Bengal.

  1. Temperature:
    • There are only two Meteorological Observatories at Agartala and Kailasahar in Tripura having the facility to record temperature and other weather information.
    • In Summer(March to May) maximum temperature ranges between 35°C to 37°C
    • Minimum average temperature in Winter is 10.5°C
    • January is the coldest month when mean daily minimum temperature is only 8.9°C and maximum temperature is 25.2°C.
  2. Rainfall:
    • Annual rainfall ranges from 1922 mm to 2855 mm.
    • Rainfall generally increases from south-west to north-east
    • Heavy rainfall in April-June and July to September(Known as Kharif season/major agricultural season)
    • Minimum rainfall in Winter
    • Average annual rainfall is about 230 cm.
  3. Humidity:
    • In summer, relative humidity is between 50 percent to 74 percent
    • In the rainy season it is over 85 percent
  4. Wind:
    • Mean wind speed is 7.1 km per hour
    • Maximum speed 13.1 km per hour in May
    • Minimum speed 3 km per hour in December
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