Geography of Tripura

Tripura is a hilly state, surrounded by Bangladesh on the North, West and South, the state of Mizoram on the East and Assam on its North-east. Tripura is connected to India through the Cachar district of Assam and Aizawl district of Mizoram.

  • Situated between 22°56' and 24°32' N latitudes and 90°09' and 92°20' E longitudes.
  • Maximum length north to south 118 km and 113 km from east to west
  • Total area 10,491.69 sq. km.(0.32% of India)
  • Third smallest state of India
  • 856 km international boundary with Bangladesh(84% of total state perimeter)
  • 53 km boundary with Cachar district of Assam
  • 109 km boundary with Mizoram
  • Hill ranges are Jampui, Sakhan Tlang, Langtorai, Athara Mura and Bara Mura.
  • Highest peak Betling Shiv(3200ft./1000m approx.) in Jampui hill
  • Jampui is known as “orange basket”.

Climate of Tripura:

Tripura is situated about 60 km to the north of the Bay of Bengal.

  1. Temperature:
    • There are only two Meteorological Observatories at Agartala and Kailasahar in Tripura having the facility to record temperature and other weather information.
    • In Summer(March to May) maximum temperature ranges between 35°C to 37°C
    • Minimum average temperature in Winter is 10.5°C
    • January is the coldest month when mean daily minimum temperature is only 8.9°C and maximum temperature is 25.2°C.
  2. Rainfall:
    • Annual rainfall ranges from 1922 mm to 2855 mm.
    • Rainfall generally increases from south-west to north-east
    • Heavy rainfall in April-June and July to September(Known as Kharif season/major agricultural season)
    • Minimum rainfall in Winter
    • Average annual rainfall is about 230 cm.
  3. Humidity:
    • In summer, relative humidity is between 50 percent to 74 percent
    • In the rainy season it is over 85 percent
  4. Wind:
    • Mean wind speed is 7.1 km per hour
    • Maximum speed 13.1 km per hour in May
    • Minimum speed 3 km per hour in December
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